Specialized Workers

Ruling Class Jobs: Lugals (literally meaning “Big Man”)

Kings:

Thought to be the representatives of gods and goddesses that lived on Earth. They were believed to be the intermediaries between the people and the gods, therefore received absolute respect and obedience.

Priests:

Someone who possessed the authority to administer religious rights and ceremonies.

Sculptures of kings were created in their honor.

Sculptures of kings were created in their honor.

High Class Jobs:

Scribes:

A scribe was a sought after job in Ancient Mesopotamia. They were hired to write down laws, treaties, and religious texts. They were also known to record things, such as business deals, property holdings, and contracts. This prestigious job was only available for the male population, women were not considered superior enough to hold this respect job. In order to become a scribe training began very young in temple schools that were run by priests.

Private Tutors:

Tutors would only be employed by high-class Sumerian families because of the price of their service. They were respected because they were viewed as intelligent and dependable individuals.

Scribes would carve important documents into clay

Scribes would carve important documents into clay

Lower Class Jobs:

Farmers:

Were responsible for raising livestock, as well as cultivating the farm land along the Fertile Crescent. Would then supply their goods to the people of the community, therefore though considered a low class job in ancient Mesopotamia. farmers were crucial in the survival of large civilizations.

Merchants/Artisan:

A skilled manual worker that would build items, such as furniture, jewelry, and clothing. There creations could be functional or for decorative purposes only, such as sculptures. All of the goods produced by an artisan was hand-made. Their jobs ranged from a carpenter to a weaver.

Musician:

Were responsible for entertaining the people in their city-state in local places, such as a tavern.

Builder:

A person who specialized in the construction of houses and buildings. Builders were responsible for the creation of ziggurats and temples, crucial parts of ancient Mesopotamian societies.

Ancient Mesopotamian Architecture

Ancient Mesopotamian Architecture

Women Jobs:

Priestess:

A woman who possessed the ability to administer religious rights and ceremonies, such as a marriage. This was considered the most respected job for women available.

Housekeeper:

Responsible for the cooking and cleaning, as well as taking care of children. They played the role of mother, wife, and maid. Housekeepers were obligated to wait on the men and children present in the family.

Tavern Owner:

Tavern owners sold the beverages that they brewed. The most commonly brewed drink was beer. The owner of the tavern was solely responsible for the production and selling of the beverages being offered.

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